Jasenovac and the Holocaust in Yugoslavia: Analyses and Survivor Testimonies

by Barry M. Lituchy (Author, Editor)

“Jasenovac and The Holocaust in Yugoslavia” presents the twelve papers by historians and the fifteen survivor testimonies given at the First International Conference and Exhibition on the Jasenovac Concentration Camps, where hundreds of thousands of Serbs, Jews, Romas and anti-fascists of various nationalities perished. The book also includes a forty- page introduction, ninety-seven photographs and a thirty-seven page appendix of never-before-translated documents. The thirty chapters cover all aspects of the Holocaust in Yugoslavia and especially fascist Croatia. Among the historians included in this volume are Michael Berenbaum, Christopher Simpson, Eli Rosenbaum, Charles R. Allen, Jr., Antun Miletic and Thomas Popovich.

Reviews

5.0 out of 5 stars 
Very Detailed
Reviewed in the United States on January 31, 2019
Format: Paperback
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I recently found out I had 11 distant relatives that were killed at Jasenovac. This book is very informative and detailed. I am shocked that we were not taught about Jasenovac in school.

Teresa Gore
5.0 out of 5 stars 
Jasenovac – the Croatian word for hell on earth
Reviewed in the United States on May 6, 2013
Format: Paperback
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Due to the graphic, vile and disgusting details laid out in this book – I could only read 3 or 4 pages at a time; In all my years of reading about World Wars 1 and 2, Vietnam, and the Gulf Wars x 2, I have never been so adversely affected by such unholy and almost unbelievable factual information presented by Barry Lituchy. How has this been kept out of the mainstream media for so long? And who were the rabid murderers committing such unspeakable acts of violence at this death camp; Catholic priests! Hell must be severely overcrowded with many Catholic clergy and one incredibly wicked pope.

Lisa C5.0 out of 5 stars 
Reviewed in the United States on January 7, 2016
Format: Paperback
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I’m a history teacher/writer. I haven’t finished this book yet, but I do find it fascinating. It’s well researched and well written.

tullibody
5.0 out of 5 stars A+
Reviewed in the United States on September 10, 2014
Format: Paperback
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A great book

Dvorak Fan
5.0 out of 5 stars 
Excellent collection of testimonies
Reviewed in the United States on November 20, 2010
Format: Hardcover
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This book is excellent in that it brings together two kinds of documents: historical analyses and personal testimonies, from the 1st international conference on Jasenovac. In many ways, the historical issue has been discussed and debated in other books. The main debate at the moment is over the number of Serb victims in Jasenovac and in the genocide in general. Of course, Roma and Jews are not particularly contentious because they are politically-irrelevant, whereas the Serbs remain a political factor in ex-Yugoslavia and therefore their victims are minimized by Croatian and Bosnian Muslim (and Western) analysts.

Most of the historical analyses were not particularly informative. Sometimes these (Western) historians were too keen to infuse commentary on the recent Balkan wars of 1991-1995 and were rather quick to reject the connection between Jasenovac and the recent history. The 1991-1995 war should not have been discussed by anyone, although it is abundantly clear to anyone how genocide could be a motive for defensive war decades later. I find Western moralizing on the Bosnian civil war and the legitimacy of the ICTY to be a bit rich when it is being made to victims of genocide that happened 50+ years prior to recent events.

The real gem of the book are the testimonies. They are almost entirely Jewish and Serbian, and I think it is a general weakness that we don’t know enough about the Roma plight in Jasenovac and in the NDH generally. But they are harrowing testimonies nonetheless. Those of Ljiljana Ivanisevic, Cadik Danon, and Eta Najfeld stand out in my mind. They explain to the reader how fundamentally different Jasenovac was from Treblinka. In Treblinka, people were gassed to death; in Jasenovac, they were tortured to death. And from just a small collection of testimonies we see just how these people were tortured.

robert g massie
4.0 out of 5 stars 
Jasenovac and the holocaust in yugoslavia
Reviewed in the United States on February 12, 2013
Format: Paperback
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If you are a history buff of the second world war, this book is definitely one to buy. It closely details some of the Nazi workings w/ the Vatican, the Chetnik partisans, and the ethnic hatreds between Muslims, Catholics, and Jews that occurred in this area. It is well written, and gives the reader some excellent insight about the Balkan region of Europe during the war. When you complete the book, it is very easy to see why some of the issues still exist today in this area of the world.

Seth J. Frantzman HALL OF FAME
5.0 out of 5 stars 
Very important
Reviewed in the United States on February 19, 2008
Format: Paperback
Jasenovac was Croatia’s answer to the Nazis. When Nazi power was paramount in Europe in 1941 and Yugoslavia was dismantled a fascist regime came to power in Zagreb by the name of Ustache. This party beleived in the same nazi racial doctrines but also blended Catholic theology into them. This produced a statelet that was willing to do the bidding of the Nazis without the help of the SS and Croatia became the only regime to set up its own concentration camps without Nazi help.

Jasenovac was Croatia’s extermination camp for Serbs and Jews. There were very few Jews in Yugoslavia and Croatia set out to destroy all the minorities in its expanded state. 1/3 of the Orthodox, who were Serbs, were to be deported, 1/3 killed and 1/3 converted. Jasenovac and its barbarities were used to exterminate the 1/3, as well as Gypsies and Jews and others.

This is a fascinating history, with scholars and survivors lending articles to the history of the Holocaust in Yugoslavia.